Wednesday, April 25, 2018 by Frances Bloomfield
Adhering to a vegetarian or vegan lifestyle has both benefits and drawbacks. One such drawback is the lack of reliable docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) sources. This omega-3 fatty acid is usually obtained from animal products, with fatty fish and seafood having the most abundant DHA content. As such, vegetarian and vegan populations are often unable to consume adequate amounts of DHA. Yet, according to a team of Australian researchers, taking algal supplements is an easy way to get around this.
To arrive at this conclusion, the investigators reviewed five studies on plant-based sources of DHA. The five studies comprised three randomized control trials and two prospective cohort studies, which the team found through online scientific databases. These studies were chosen because they reported the effects of algal DHA supplementation on blood, as well as comparisons to omnivorous participants.
All of the studies pointed to algal DHA supplements positively impacting the participants. Specifically, the researchers noted that circulating DHA levels went up by a significant margin, as evidenced by the changes in plasma, serum, platelet, and red blood cell count DHA fractions and omega-3 indices. Most notably, the omega-3 indices increased by 82 percent at the most and 55 percent at the least, with all other omega-3 indices changes falling between that range.
Additionally, the researchers also discovered that algal DHA supplementation influenced eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) levels. Normally, EPA concentrations are lower in vegetarian and vegan populations due to being a fatty acid present in animal products. As the studies demonstrated, however, vegetarians who’d been given algal DHA supplements had EPA levels that were on par with omnivorous participants, indicating that DHA turned into EPA through retro-conversion.
Though the researchers weren’t able to pin down an exact dosage to bring about these enhancements, they nonetheless showed that adding DHA to the diet could indeed be beneficial to vegans and vegetarians.
DHA is a healthy fat that supports numerous bodily functions and organs. According to Healthline.com, these include:
Visit Nutrients.news to read up on the other benefits of DHA, or to discover other vegan-friendly foods to meet your nutritional needs.